Undergraduate Medical Education: Comparison of Seminar-based Learning and Discussion in Groups
Background: Problems in medical education have been clearly documented over many years, and efforts are being made to find solutions. Undergraduate medical curriculum includes seminars on Community Medicine topics. This project is an attempt to compare conventional seminar with group discussion in Community Medicine topics. Introducing better method in the curriculum can help in generating more competent Indian Medical Graduates. Objectives: (1) To compare the effectiveness of “Seminar” and “Group discussion” on Community Medicine topics and (2) To assess the perception of students about seminar and group discussion. Materials and Methods: Intervention study on 64 medical students posted in the Department of Community Medicine, Dr. SM CSI Medical College, Karakonam, during 6 months from October 2014. After sensitizing about the study and getting consent, the students were given pre-test and divided them into two groups of equal numbers after randomization. Group A was given seminar and Group B group discussion. All were subjected to post-test. After 1 week, Group B was given seminar and Group A group discussion on another topic and perception was assessed by focus group discussion. Analysis was done using SPSS 13. Results: The mean score of the post-test on Topic 1 for seminar and group discussion is 71.78 (SD3.38) and 92.16 (SD2.58); and Topic 2 72.19 (SDb4.09) and 70.79 (SD 4.20), respectively. Conclusion: Group discussion is a better teaching-learning method compared to conventional Seminar.