Psychosocial Problems among Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive Patients among Hospitals of Bengaluru City: A Comparative Study

  • E Rajkumar Central University of Karnataka, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India
  • K V Sooraj Central University of Karnataka, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India
  • B H Sandeep Bhandavya Foundation, Mandya, Karnataka, India
  • C Harish Telangana Tribal Welfare Residential Educational Institutions, Telangana, India
Keywords: Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, Anxiety, Depression, Human immunodeficiency virus, Insomnia, Isolation

Abstract

Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has become an endemic condition, which affects both, physical health, as well as leads psychological and social problems because of stigma and discrimination. The impact of HIV/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is not only biological but psychosocial in nature such as anxiety, depression, and social isolation. There are very few studies have been conducted to assess the psychosocial problems between and male and female HIV-positive patients. The present study aims at studying the psychosocial problems between male and female HIV-positive patients. Research Methods: The study is a cross-sectional study with between group research design. Total 50 participants were selected and divided into 25 males and 25 females’ HIV-positive patients. The purposive sampling method is used for select the participants and the tool used for data collection is general health questionnaire consisting of 28 standard questions. Results: Results of the study indicate that there is no significant difference in the psychosomatic, depression, and social dysfunction domains, in the dimension of anxiety/insomnia more mean difference was found between male and female HIV patients. Conclusion: It is very important to emphasize on the contributing factors of this problem to formulate the intervention strategies

Author Biographies

E Rajkumar, Central University of Karnataka, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India

DST-JRF, Department of Psychology,

K V Sooraj, Central University of Karnataka, Gulbarga, Karnataka, India

Reseach Scholar, Department of Social Work,

B H Sandeep, Bhandavya Foundation, Mandya, Karnataka, India

Program Co-coordinator,

C Harish, Telangana Tribal Welfare Residential Educational Institutions, Telangana, India

School Counselor, 

Published
2015-09-30
Section
Table of Contents