Medical Specialty Choice and Related Factors among Medical Students of Jazan University, Saudi Arabia

  • Husam Eldin Elsawi Khalafalla , Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Mohammed A Najjar King Abdulaziz Hospital and Oncology Center, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Ali Y Alshafie Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Hassan B Maghfoori Damad General Hospital, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Marwai M Mahnashi Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Sultan M Bakri Prince Mohammad Bin Nasser Hospital, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
  • Mohamed Salih Mahfouz Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Keywords: Medicine, Occupation, Specialty, Students

Abstract

Introduction: Studying career preference can help in planning educational programs, set priorities, and plan for the provision of adequate health care. Literature cites many factors that can shape the career preference of students, i.e., gender, age, academic year, and place of residence. Objectives: To study career preference among medical students in Jazan University and to assess the factors that influencing their choices. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted using self-administered questionnaires distributed to medical students from the first to sixth years in the Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University during the period from December 2011 to January 2012. A total of 225 students answered the questionnaire which covered demographic characteristics, specialty preferences and the factors influencing these preferences. Results: Preferred specialties were surgery, pediatrics, and internal medicine, respectively. Psychiatry was a frequently chosen specialty while community medicine/public health and obstetrics, and gynecology were less frequently chosen by the students. Opportunity for helping people, possibility of a foreign scholarship, experience, and degree of the challenge were the main influencing factors with the majority of student preferring to work in Jazan Region in the future. Conclusion: Surgery, pediatrics, and internal medicine are the preferred specialties, and helping people, possibility of foreign scholarship are the main influencing factors. Qualitative studies are recommended to explore in-depth reasons behind not/ choosing career path. Longitudinal studies might help explore trends in preferences over time

Author Biographies

Husam Eldin Elsawi Khalafalla, , Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Assistant Professor, Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine

Mohammed A Najjar, King Abdulaziz Hospital and Oncology Center, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

General Surgery Resident, Department of Emergency 

Ali Y Alshafie, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Medical Intern, Faulty of Medicine, 

Hassan B Maghfoori, Damad General Hospital, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

ER Resident, Department of Emergency,

Marwai M Mahnashi, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Medical Intern, Faulty of Medicine,

Sultan M Bakri, Prince Mohammad Bin Nasser Hospital, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Ophthalmology Resident, Department of Ophthalmology, 

Mohamed Salih Mahfouz, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Associate Professor, Department of Family and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine,

Published
2015-09-30
Section
Table of Contents