Prevalence of Needle Stick Injuries and Associated Risk Factors among Nurses in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Background: Personnel, who regularly practice invasive procedures, is particularly at risk for percutaneous injuries (PI). Needle stick injuries (NSI) presents the single greatest risk to medical personnel. Nurses have a high rate of NSI among health care workers. PI caused by NSI pose a significant risk of occupational transmission of bloodborne pathogens. Objective: (1) To determine the prevalence of NSI among nurses. (2) To determine the association between NSI and selected variables such as years of experience and educational qualification. (3) To determine the circumstances leading to NSI and immediate measures taken by the respondents after the NSI. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among nurses of indoor patient department from October to November 2014 in a tertiary care hospital. Out of total 158 Nurses, 122 nurses participated in the study. A self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Data were entered in Microsoft excel 2007, and analysis was performed using SPSS version 16 statistical software. Results: The prevalence of NSI among nurses who ever suffered an NSI was 65.6% among which within last 1 year was 57.5%. The majority of NSI occurred during recapping of the needle 63.7%, succeeded by during intravenous injection and suturing both 18.7%. Among total 122 nurses, 34.4% nurses dint have NSI with any type of needle, maximum 86.2% had NSI with Open bored type of needle. Only 20% took post-exposure prophylaxis. More than two-third (69.7%) of all nurses never attended any seminar, workshop or educational session on NSI. Conclusion: NSI is an important health hazard among nurses. Notification to concerned authorities, proper screening promotion of safety measures should be encouraged.