Epidemiology of Interpersonal Violence in Bangladesh: Findings from Community Based National Survey
Background: Violence is an emerging public health problem across the world, accounting for 1% of deaths globally. Interpersonal violence is drawing full attention of international agencies including national authorities. Objective: This study was designed to explore the epidemiology of interpersonal violence in Bangladesh. Materials and Methods: Nationwide cross-sectional study was carried out during January-December 2003 in 12 randomly selected districts of Bangladesh and in Dhaka Metropolitan City. This encompassed a total population of 819,429. Multi-stage cluster sampling was used to choose required sample size. Results: About 7% of injury-related death was found due to violence and constitute fifth leading cause of death due to injuries. About 72% dead were male, and 28% were female. The overall incidence rate of violence death was 3.5/100,000 population per year. The highest rate was found in 40-49 years, it was 8.8/100,000 population per year. The rate was significantly higher among male compared to female. Home was found as the most frequent place, about 28% interpersonal violence took place at home. A sharp cutting instrument was the most frequently used tool in violence death. The most common context was robbery/ burglary or other terrorist activities, and it was about 52%. Conclusion: Interpersonal violence is a major cause of death in Bangladesh. Male and rural people were a more vulnerable group. Robbery/burglary or other terrorist activities are the major contexts of violence. Stranger, neighbor, and relatives are the most frequent perpetrator.