Morbidity Pattern and Its Associated Factors among Preschool Children: A Cross-Sectional Study

  • Vijaykumar Mane Koppal Institute of Medical Sciences, Koppal, Karnataka, India
  • Trupti B Naik Subbaiah Institute of Medical sciences and Research Center, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India
  • O Mallappa Urban Maternity Center, Tunganagara, Shimoga, Karnataka, India
  • Omprakash Ambure Devergonal Primary Health center, Surpur, Yadgir, Karnataka, India
Keywords: Age groups, Data collection, Literacy, Morbidity, Preschool child

Abstract

Background: Protecting health during childhood is more important than at any other age because poor health during this age is likely to permanently impair them over the course of their life. Preschool children constitute a “vulnerable” or special risk group, deserving special health care as this phase represents a transition from infancy, and it is during this period about 40% of physical growth, and 80% of mental development occurs in children. Several factors are known to be responsible for causing higher rates of morbidity in preschool children. Purpose: (1) To study the prevalence and pattern of morbidities among preschool children aged 1-3 years in the study setting. (2) To identify various factors associated with morbidity in children. Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Bhadravati taluk of Shimoga district, Karnataka, India. Cluster sampling technique was used for subject selection and a total of 210 preschool children of either sex in the age group of 1-3 years (12-36 months) were included in the study. Data were collected using a pretested and semi - structured questionnaire from mothers/guardian after taking an informed consent. Data thus obtained were entered and analyzed using appropriate statistical methods. Results: The prevalence of current morbidity was found to be 44 (20.9%) in our study. The most common illnesses among children were acute respiratory infections. Morbidity was found to be significantly associated with age and paternal literacy but not with gender, locality, income, family type, maternal literacy, birth order, the number of siblings, and immunization status of the child in our study. Conclusion: Education plays an important role in improving the health status of preschool children.

Author Biographies

Vijaykumar Mane, Koppal Institute of Medical Sciences, Koppal, Karnataka, India

Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine,

Trupti B Naik, Subbaiah Institute of Medical sciences and Research Center, Shivamogga, Karnataka, India

Assistant professor, Dept. of Microbiology, 

O Mallappa, Urban Maternity Center, Tunganagara, Shimoga, Karnataka, India

Senior Medical Officer, Department of Health and Family Welfare Services,

Omprakash Ambure, Devergonal Primary Health center, Surpur, Yadgir, Karnataka, India

Medical Officer, Department of Health and Family Welfare Services,

Published
2015-09-30
Section
Table of Contents