Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Budding Doctors in Prevention of Thalassemia
Introduction: β-thalassemia is the most common single gene disorder among Indian population. In ICMR, multicentric study in six cities of six states, the overall prevalence of β-thalassemia trait was 2.78% and varied from 1.48% to 3.96%. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) about thalassemia among junior doctors of a tertiary care teaching hospital of Kolkata. Materials and Methods: An institution-based descriptive study, cross-sectional in design, was carried out among 188 junior doctors from April 2014 to June 2014 using a pre-designed, structured, pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire. Statistical analyses were conducted by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 22.0). Results: Mean score of KAP was 11.46 ± 0.3; 7.30% ± 2.83, and 4.10 ± 0.76, respectively. About 78.72% participants had adequate knowledge, 80.85% had positive attitude, and only 33.51% had good practices. Conclusion: Increasing emphasis on thalassemia in the undergraduate curriculum might improve budding doctor’s KAPs about this deadly disorder.