Spread of Human Immunodeficiency Virus among Housewives: A Qualitative Study in Kediri City

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Ardi Bastian
M Bagus Qomaruddin
Rachmat Hargono

Abstract

Introduction: Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which is caused by Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (AIDS), has spread among housewives group. Number of case proportion is rising significantly in compare with other groups. Purpose: This study aims to identify key factors that contribute to HIV transmission among housewife in Kediri City. Materials and Methods: This study employed qualitative approach based on AIDS Risk Reduction Model. 10 HIV-infected housewives actively involved in in-depth interview. Those are members of a group named Peer Support Group Friendship Plus Kediri City. Coordinators of the group established the interviewee and helped to gain trust with them. Results: The results showed that most of HIV-infected housewives could not identify (labeling) HIV-risk behavior, neither their own behaviors nor others, including their spouse. They have no awareness to the transmission (perceived susceptibility), because they have a lack of knowledge of HIV transmission. Moreover, they were quite anxious about the possibility stigmatized by others, as a result they tended to avoid HIV test. Even though they realized their husband’s behaviors, it is still hard for the infected housewives to prevent the transmission of HIV, due to their poor knowledge. Conclusion: Housewives still have a lack of knowledge about HIV and AIDS in general and as well as transmission process in particular. That is the main factor which contributes in spreading HIV among housewives

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Author Biographies

Ardi Bastian, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia

Master Candidate, Department of Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Public Health,

M Bagus Qomaruddin, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia

Senior Lecturer, Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, 

Rachmat Hargono, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia

Senior Lecturer, Department of Health Promotion and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Public Health,