Assessment of Correlation of Lip Print with Gender and Blood Group among Dental Students of Visnagar, Gujarat, India

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Rahul Patel
Umesh Kempraj
Hiren Patel
Sangeeta Chavan
Madhusudan Krishna
Rajesh Patel

Abstract

Background: Human identification is necessary for personal, social, and legal reasons. Some methods of personal identification include anthropometry, dactyloscopy, DNA test, fingerprinting, sex determination, estimation of age, measurement of height, post-mortem reports, blood groups, and lip print. The aim of the present study was to assess the correlation of lip print pattern with gender and ABO blood group. Materials and Methods: A study was conducted among 233 undergraduate dental students of Visnagar of Gujarat state, India during the month of May, 2014. Lipstick was used to record lip print of each subject. To identify the blood group of study subjects, a drop blood of each subject was placed on a slide and mixed with anti-A, anti-B, and anti-Rh sera. Results: Type II (A branched groove) pattern was to be found more in both male (44.2%) and female (31.5%). Type II (A branched groove) pattern was to be found more among study subjects with blood Group A (29.4%), B (37.3%), and O (37.1%) blood group. No correlation was found between lip print and blood group. Conclusion: The present study did not show any statistical correlation of lip print pattern with gender and ABO blood groups.

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Author Biographies

Rahul Patel, Narsinhbhai Patel Dental College & Hospital, Visnagar, Gujarat, India

Senior Lecturer, Department of Public Health Dentistry,

Umesh Kempraj, Narsinhbhai Patel Dental College & Hospital, Visnagar, Gujarat, India

Reader, Department of Public Health Dentistry, 

Hiren Patel, Narsinhbhai Patel Dental College & Hospital, Visnagar, Gujarat, India

3rd Year Postgraduate student, Department of Public Health Dentistry,

Sangeeta Chavan, Narsinhbhai Patel Dental College & Hospital, Visnagar, Gujarat, India

Reader, Department of Public Health Dentistry,

Madhusudan Krishna, Narsinhbhai Patel Dental College & Hospital, Visnagar, Gujarat, India

Professor and Head, Department of Public Health Dentistry,

Rajesh Patel, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Narsinhbhai Patel Dental College & Hospital, Visnagar, Gujarat, India,

3rd Year Postgraduate student,