Prevalence of Different Signs of Combination Syndrome among Denture Wearers of Jammu Population

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Shivani Jandial
Bhanu Kotwal
Satish Sharma
Nanika Mahajan
Sharad Kharyal
Amarjit Singh Chadda

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of different signs of combination syndrome among denture wearers of Jammu population. Materials and Methods: The present study was conducted in the Department of Dentistry at District Hospital, Kathua, Jammu, from May 2016 to October 2016. From a total of 376 patients, 113 patients were selected for the study based on the inclusion criteria. Patients were examined for the extrusion of the mandibular anterior teeth (EA), tuberosity overgrowth (TO), mandibular posterior bone resorption (MPR), bone resorption in maxillary anterior region (MAR), and palatal papillary hyperplasia (PPH). Chisquare test was used to interpret the evaluated data. Results: The majority of the subjects have shown the presence of different signs of combination syndrome with 78.7% of the subjects showing MPR, 66.4% subjects having bone resorption in MAR, 63.7% of the subjects showed EA, and 56.6% showed TO. The least prevalent sign was PPH which was shown to be 15.04%. The results were statistically highly significant. The subjects showing the presence of different signs of combination syndrome 65.3% of males and 34.7% females showed EA, 39.1% males and 60.9% females showed TO, 53.9% males and 46.1% females showed MPR, and 49.3% males and 50.7% females showed MAR. PPH was present in 47.1% males and 52.9% females. The gender differences for the presence of different signs of combination syndrome were found to be statistically significant. Conclusion: The combination syndrome was prevalent in 30.05%. The clinical signs of combination syndrome are quite prevalent with least prevalence for PPH. Appropriate evaluation of patients after giving prostheses should be done to minimize the occurrence combination syndrome.

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Author Biographies

Shivani Jandial, Indira Gandhi Government Dental College, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Consultant Dental Specialist, Department of Prosthodontics,

Bhanu Kotwal, Indira Gandhi Government Dental College, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Lecturer, Department of Periodontics,

Satish Sharma, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Dental Surgeon, Director Health Services Jammu,

Nanika Mahajan, Indira Gandhi Government Dental College, Jammu, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Lecturer, Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry,

Sharad Kharyal, Jammu and Kashmir, India,

Department of Orthodontics, Private Practitioner, Jammu,

Amarjit Singh Chadda, Government Dental College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

Lecturer, Department of Prosthodontics,