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Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the incidence of dental surface defects in areas of Gingival Recession in Jammu population. Materials and Methods: Out of 263 subjects coming to the Department of Endodontics in Indira Gandhi Government Dental College, 100 subjects with an age range of 35–50 years were selected fulfilling the inclusion criteria. The selected subjects were divided into two groups of 50 males and 50 females the incidence of dental surface defects was found in the selected subjects based on the classification of Prato et al. for dental surface defects in areas of gingival recession. Results: The incidence percentages of Class A surface with step in males were 40% and in females were 32%. 26% males and 24% females were having Class A without step defect. The males with Class B with step defect were 22% and females were 26%. Class B without step was present in 12% males and 18% females. No significant difference was found in the incidence of dental surface defects between different genders. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the dental surface defects with the step formation are more incident in both males and females irrespective of cemento-enamel junction visibility. The evaluation of various dental surface defects in conjunction with periodontal classification could be useful for complete diagnosis of gingival recession areas and their appropriate treatment with combined restorative and periodontal procedures for root coverage.